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Ain Soph

Posted: June 1, 2018 by noxprognatus in Uncategorized

Ain Soph Aur , or limitless light, is like the pleroma. This is a cabbalist doctrine used in Illuminism and Gnosticism.


Ain Soph: The Endless One

The term Ain Sof, Ayn Sof, or Ayn Sof (/n sɒf/Hebrew: אין סוף) is used to describe the cycle of time that is circular in AIN SOPH 2motion. It is understood as God prior to his self-manifestation in the production of any spiritual Realm. Ain or атп, signifies a great circle, the vacuum of pure spirit, moved and created AIN SOPH, or Infinity. The meaning of Ain is nothingness, motionless space, and abstract space. Ain Sof may be translated as “no end”, “unending”, “there is no end”, or Infinity.

The Zohar explains the term “Ain Sof” as follows: “Before He gave any shape to the world, before He produced any form, He was alone, without form and without resemblance to anything else. Who then can comprehend how He was before the Creation?

Hence it is forbidden to lend Him any form or similitude, or even to call Him by His sacred name, or to indicate Him by a single letter or a single point… But after He created the form of the Heavenly Man, He used him as a chariot wherein to descend, and He wishes to be called after His form, which is the sacred name “YHWH“.

Many P. Hall had said, “THE Qabbalists conceive of the Supreme Deity as an Incomprehensible Principle to be discovered only through the process of eliminating, in order, all its cognizable attributes. That which remains–when every knowable thing has been removed–is AIN SOPH, the eternal state of Being. Although indefinable, the Absolutepermeates all space. Abstract to the degree of inconceivability, AIN SOPH is the unconditioned state of all things. Substances, essences, and intelligences are manifested out of the inscrutability of AIN SOPH, but the Absolute itself is without substance, essence, or intelligence.

AIN SOPH may be likened to a great field of rich earth out of which rises a myriad of plants, each different in color, formation, and fragrance, yet each with its roots in the same dark loam–which, however, is unlike any of the forms nurtured by it. The “plants” are universes, gods, and man, all nourished by AIN SOPH and all with their source in one definitionless essence; all with their spirits, souls, and bodies fashioned from this essence, and doomed, like the plant, to return to the black ground–AIN SOPH, the only Immortal–whence they came.

AIN SOPH was referred to by the Qabbalists as The Most Ancient of all the Ancients. It was always considered as sexless. Its symbol was a closed eye. While it may be truly said of AIN SOPH that to define It is to defile It, the Rabbis postulated certain theories regarding the manner in which AIN SOPH projected creations out of Itself, and they also assigned to this Absolute Not-Being certain symbols as being descriptive, in part at least, of Its powers. The nature of AIN SOPH they symbolize by a circle, itself emblematic of eternity. This hypothetical circle encloses a dimensionless area of incomprehensible life, and the circular boundary of this life is abstract and measureless infinity.

According to this concept, God is not only a Center but also Area.



Centralization is the first step towards limitation. Therefore, centers which form in the substances of AIN SOPH are finite because they are predestined to dissolution back into the Cause of themselves, while AIN SOPH Itself is infinite because It is the ultimate condition of all things. The circular shape given to AIN SOPH signifies that space is hypothetically enclosed within a great crystal-like globe, outside of which there is nothing, not even a vacuum. Within this globe–symbolic of AIN SOPH–creation and dissolution take place. Every element and principle that will ever be used in the eternities of Kosmic birth, growth, and decay is within the transparent substances of this intangible sphere. It is the Kosmic Egg which is not broken till the great day “Be With Us,” which is the end of the Cycle of Necessity, when all things return to their ultimate cause.”

HP Blavatsky had written: “Ain Soph is also written En Soph and Ain Supk, no one, not even Rabbis, being sure of their vowels. In the religious metaphysics of the old Hebrew philosophers, the One Principle was an abstraction, like Parabrahmam, though modern Kabbalists have succeeded now, by dint of mere sophistry and paradoxes, in making a ” Supreme God” of it and nothing higher. But with the early Chaldean Kabbalists Ain Soph is “without form or being”, having “no likeness with anything else” (Franck, Die Kabbala, p. 126).

That Ain Soph has never been considered as the “Creator” is proved by even such an orthodox Jew as Philo calling the ” Creator ” the Logos, who stands next the ” Limitless One “, and the ” Second God “. “The Second God is its (Ain Soph’s) wisdom “, says Philo (Quaest. et Solut.). Deity is No-thing; it is nameless, and therefore called Ain Soph; the word Ain meaning Nothing. (See Franck’s Kabbala, p. 153 ff.)”

We find the number nine associated with the continued motion of  the three words AIN /SOPH/AUR. These three words contain three letters each, making nine letters total producing the Sephiroth.

In ancient Celtic Ireland where they spoke Gaelic or Old Irish, the people had called this the Bel-ain (атп), or Ba’al ain/Béal-ain, ie, the circle of Baal /Belus, or the solar circle or annual course of  the Father and Sovereign Lord of the Heavens, Jupiter. The meaning of the name Baal is the same precise meaning in Gaelic as in Phoenician which is now called Hebrew as “the lord of heaven.” Ba’al ain to the modern Kabbalists is called “AIN SOPH” and was referred to as The Most Ancient of all the Ancients. They also symbolize AIN SOPH by a circle.

The Four Horsemen

Posted: March 18, 2017 by noxprognatus in Illuminism, News, Uncategorized, videos

Meet the renegades, the people who made this video, to enlighten you to the way the world really works.

FOUR HORSEMEN is free from mainstream media propaganda — the film doesn’t bash bankers, criticise politicians or get involved in conspiracy theories. It ignites the debate about how to usher a new economic paradigm into the world which would dramatically improve the quality of life for billions


Posted: March 18, 2017 by noxprognatus in Illuminism, News, Uncategorized, videos

Watch how the Old World Order has rigged reality against Humanity and seeks to enslave us all and profit endlessly by keeping us in chains, enslaved to them without most of us even realising it!

Sines and Cosines

Posted: June 23, 2015 by noxprognatus in Science, Uncategorized, videos


Learn how sines and cosines can show a lot about our universe works…getting down to the nitty gritty of light and waves.




Posted: June 20, 2015 by noxprognatus in Uncategorized

“This is the introductory text of a series of books called “the God Series” in which the most ancient secret society in the world – the Pythagorean Illuminati – reveal, for the first time in the public domain, the “answer to everything”.  Pythagoras provided a glimpse of the answer 2,500 years ago when he declared, “All things are numbers”. However, this statement baffled everyone outwith the Illuminati. The God series fully reveals what Pythagoras meant. Mathematics – built from numbers – is not an abstraction but is ontological: it actually exists. Numbers are real things. Specifically, they are the frequencies of energy waves.

This is important in Illuminism. I strongly recommend the God Series by Mike Hockney. Enjoy!

secrets of Freemasonry

Posted: July 30, 2014 by noxprognatus in Uncategorized – There is a secret tomb in Egypt that contains the bodies of three priest kings – Heridor, Piankh and Menkheperre.

There are also several precious ancient untouched treasures inside the tomb.

The site has remained intact since 1085 B.C. and it is crucial to save the priceless relics that will outshine even that of Tutankhamun’s.

These are the words of British archaeologist John Romer, 72, believes he has discovered the site where three ancient Egyptian priest kings – Herihor, Piankh and Menkheperre – were buried in Luxor, Egypt, almost 3,000 years ago.


A scene from the joint Funerary papyrus, a Book of the Dead, of Herihor.
Image credit:

According to an interesting article published by Daily Mail “an archaeology race is on to secure the ancient burial site.”

The project is the culmination of 40 years’ work for Romer. But he may be beaten to the prize as he needs to secure a permit from Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities to continue his search.


Romer “claims the burial ground will yield such magnificent treasures that those discovered in the nearby tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings will seem like a ‘display in Woolworths’ in comparison.Like a plot out of an Indiana Jones movie, experts are now racing to secure the site called Wadi el-Gharbi, located in the cliffs on Luxor’s west bank, before the arrival of so-called treasure hunters and tomb-raiders.

It is feared that ancient rock inscriptions surrounding the site, which has remained largely untouched since 1085BC, could be damaged by their quad bikes, rope ladders and other equipment.

Romer told the Sunday Times: ‘Last week, three people were arrested by the army security services at Luxor for entering it.'”


Archaeologist John Romer Credit:

A very interesting aspect of the whole issue is that the site has remained intact for a very long time.


Temple of Karnak in Luzor, Egypt. How many more ancient secrets are hidden in this region? Image credit:

“The only person known to have excavated at the site was Howard Carter – the man who first scratched a hole through the sealed doorway of Tutankhamun’s burial chamber in 1922.

Carter had previously cut trenches across the valley floor at the Wadi el-Gharbi site over the course of two weeks in 1916.


The tomb of Tutankhamun, buried in 1325 B.C., was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922

He discovered huge mounds of limestone chippings on the wadi floor, identical to those found in the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings.


Inside the first tomb to be discovered in the Valley of the Kings since King Tut’s in 1922. The tomb discovered in 2006 in Luxor, Egypt, is thought to date from roughly the same period and contain six sarcophogi Credit: Daily Mail


But Carter gave up on his excavations, possibly because he had little idea of what may be buried at the site.

Romer has since focused on deciphering inscriptions left behind in the area by the royal workmen who laboured there.


If Romer is correct, the Egyptian site may contain treasure that rivals Tutankhamun’s.


Romer and his colleague, Alex Peden, have found the name of Herihor among 150 rock inscriptions.

Romer believes Carter was mistaken to restrict his search to the valley floor and claims the tomb is instead located higher up in the limestone cliffs which soar to around 1,000ft.”

Will Romer manage to secure the tomb on time? It’s a race against time as there is a rival expedition already excavating in the area.

“I still hope to explore it but the only important thing in my life now is that it is done properly,” Romer says.

Ancient Scottish & Egyptian Connection

Posted: March 11, 2014 by phaedrap1 in News, Science, Uncategorized – DNA can be used as a telescope to look back into the past, and this is excatly what a group of scientists have done to cast more light on an ancient mystery.

New ground-breaking study suggests that Scots are descendants of long lost tribes from the Sahara.

In addition, the study also reveals that Scots are very closely related to Napoleon Bonaparte!

At ScotlandsDNA researchers combine science with history to create the full picture of Scots’ past. Genetics, phylogeography, archaeology and historical analysis, along with an understanding of human behaviour and response to major historical events are pulled together for the first time…

First results of Scotlands DNA project “reveal the Scots to be much more diverse than was thought.”

A number of interesting groups were found. After testing DNA samples from almost 1,000 scots, researchers found that 1 per cent of all Scots are descended from the Berber and Tuareg tribesmen of the Sahara.

Another 1% have a recent origin in Iberia, their ancestors having probably reached Britain via the trade in tin.

The study is based on research conducted by geneticist Dr Jim Wilson and his team at Edinburgh University.


One of the startling revelations, was the discovery of DNA linked to Napoleon Bonaparte.


The research team discovered that Tom Conti, who took part in the project has a a family link to Napoleon Bonaparte, the French dictator.


It was discovered that the actor’s DNA marker is Saracen in origin and that his ancestors settled in Italy around the 10th century before one of them, Giovanni Buonaparte, settled in Corsica and founded the family line that sired Napoleon.



“Some friends said they weren’t surprised to find out Napoleon and I were related, but it came as quite a shock to me.In fact, I didn’t believe it at first,” the actor said.The use of DNA allows scientists to use it as telescope to look back in time at where our ancestors once lived. it can be an amazing journey that can take you to a really surprising place.

When Dr. Wilson discovered that some of the participants had DNA hailed from the Sahara, he had to double-check.



“I didn’t believe it at first and checked it twice. But more than one, in fact quite a few of our participants had this marker that is only found in and around the Sahara and among the blue men of the Tuareg.


Scotland, a beautiful and mysterious country.


So what on earth is it doing in Scotland? I didn’t know. It took me a little while to work it out but what I learned was that it was spread to Spain by the Moorish conquest of Spain, and then it came up the Atlantic margins, along the coast and up to France and then up to Scotland,” Dr. Wilson said.



The Greek called them Libyans, Romans referred to them as Africans, Numidians and Moors and the Arabs would dub them Berbers.
For Mr Moffat, the author of The Scots: A Genetic Journey, the results have been fascinating.


He said: “When the great Roman emperor Septimius Severus invaded Scotland with the largest army ever seen north of the Tweed, 40,000 legionaries and auxiliaries and a supporting fleet, he fought the Maeatae. They were mentioned by Roman historians as a fierce people and much later, noted by Adomnan, the biographer of St Columba.


No-one knows the true origin of the Tuareg, where they came from or when they arrived in the Sahara.


“And then they disappeared from history,” Mr Moffat said. “Now they are found. DNA has uncovered a high concentration of a distinctive marker clustered around Stirling and the foothills of the Ochils – the homeland of the fierce Maeatae. These are stories only DNA can tell.”


“Scientists noticed occasional tiny errors of copying as our six billion letters were passed on down the generations.


Known as markers, they were found to originate in particular parts of the world and through a technique called the molecular clock, they could be dated. . New markers are being discovered all the time, some of which arose rather recently, and can be specific to a particular surname or very concentrated in one place.


Once a marker has been discovered the next stage is to try to understand what it means.


“First we work out how it relates to other markers and place it on the tree, then we study where it is found, estimate how old it is, and infer as best we can, where it originated and dispersed to.


The first step is to genotype the marker in large collections of known heritage – people who know where their ancestors come from.


Our R&D programme is therefore screening new markers we have discovered and those found in the 1000 Genomes project in a large sample of continental Europeans as well as British and Irish people,” scientists at ScotlandDna say.


The DNA results revealing Scots are descendents of a long-lost race of Shara are fascinating and yet, this is not the end to this incredible story. Dr. Wilson promises more surprises.


“We are sequencing the whole genome of seven Scots whose DNA is central to our history and we are looking at the role of Neanderthal DNA in Scotland,” Dr. Wilson said.


We can expect to hear more from Dr. Wilson and his team in the near future.

Who Were The Knights Templar?

Posted: August 13, 2013 by phaedrap1 in Uncategorized

By Stephen Dafoe

Within two decades of the victory of the First Crusade (1095-1099) a group of knights led by Hugues (Hugh) de Payens offered themselves to the Patriarch of Jerusalem to serve as a military force.

This group – often said to be nine in number – had the mandate of protecting Christian pilgrims who were en route to the Holy Land to visit the shrines sacred to their faith.

Somewhere between the years of AD 1118 – 1120, King Baldwin II granted the group quarters in a wing of the Royal Palace on the Temple Mount (the Al Aqsa Mosque).


It has been generally accepted that, for the first nine years of their existence, the Templars – as they came to be known – consisted of nine members.

Although it has been widely speculated that the Templars wished to keep it this way to cover their secret mission of digging for buried treasure on the Temple Mount, the simple fact remains that the lifestyle adopted by the Order was not to everyone’s taste. As such, the Templars had difficulty in recruiting members to their cause in the early years.

In the year 1127 the Cistercian abbot, Bernard of Clairvaux, wrote a rule of order for the Templars that was based on his own Cistercian Order’s rule of conduct. Additionally, Bernard did a great deal to promote the Templars.

Perhaps Bernard’s greatest contribution to the Order was a letter that he wrote to Hugues de Payens, entitled De laude novae militae (In praise of the new knighthood.)

This letter swept throughout Christendom drawing many men, of noble birth, who joined the ranks of the Templar Order. Those who were unable to join often gifted the Templars with land and other valuables.

While it is true that the Templars were not permitted, by their rule, to own much of anything personally, there was no such restriction on the Order as a whole. As such, the gifts of land were accepted and put to immediate use by the Templars, who farmed the land generating additional wealth.

Over the years the Templars rose from their humble beginnings to become the wealthiest of the Crusading Orders – eventually garnering the favour of the Church and the collective European monarchs.

This wealth, generated in the West was put to immediate use in the East to buy arms and raise armies. Although the Templars are regarded as the greatest of the medieval military Orders, the record shows that they lost more battles than they won. Despite a brutal win/loss record, the Order did play an important role in the Holy Land.

However, after two centuries of defending the Christian faith, the Order met its demise when Philip IV – known as Philip le Belle (the Fair) – sought to destroy the Templars.

Historians are generally in agreement that Philip was motivated by greed rather than his belief that the Templars were corrupt.

Regardless of his motivations, Philip had the Templars arrested on October 13, 1307.

The Templars were tortured and confessions were given. These confessions included:

  • Trampling and spitting on the cross
  • Homosexuality
  • Idolatry

Philip was successful in ridding the Templars of their power and wealth and urged all fellow Christian leaders to do the same thing.

In 1312 the Templars were officially dissolved by Pope Clement V at the Council of Vienne. Although the Templars were not found guilty of the crimes they were charged with, it was felt that the reputation of the Order had fallen to so low a state as to warrant dissolving the Order.

On March 18th, 1314 the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, Jacques de Molay, was burned at the stake, for having recanted his earlier confessions of guilt.

De Molay is said to have cursed King Philip and Pope Clement as he burned, asking both men to join him in death within a year.

The story is an apocryphal legend; however, it is one that has come to be widely accepted.

Although there is no historical truth to the de Molay curse story, both Pope Clement V and Philip IV followed de Molay to their graves within the year.

In earlier articles I have tried to point out the links between hermetic and alchemical ideas and the developing current of thought in modern physics and cosmology. In this present piece I would like to pursue the strange parallels between the late 16th century reformation of kabbalistic cosmology that arose through the insights of Isaac Luria, and the recent reformulation of the ‘big-bang’ into the so-called ‘inflationary model’ of cosmic creation. Although the formulation of these two cosmologies was separated by some 400 years, we can recognise that they addressed the same problem, that of the emanation of the cosmos out of nothing.

Before Luria the main stream of kabbalistic ideas arose from the centres in Spain. From the Gerona school emerged the main statement of ideas on the sephiroth, while Moses de Leon put together the Zoharatic writings. This stream of mystical cosmology arose out of intuitive perceptions, and the writings of this period tend to be obscure and clouded in allusion rather than being deeply argued philosophical works. They derived their authority by appealing to interpretation of hidden wisdom in the canonical books of the Jewish tradition, the Pentateuch and Torah, rather than consistent argument. Thus, during this period it was assumed that the sephiroth and the layers, strata or worlds that made up the cosmos, emanated in some way directly from the Ein-Sof – the limitless being of the deity. There were, however, certain philosophical and theological contradictions in this simplistic emanation that were glossed over by the earlier kabbalists until Luria faced up to these problems, restructured the cosmology and resolved many of these paradoxes.

Similarly, the earliest formulation of the ‘big-bang’ theory (first named in this way by astromomer Fred Hoyle in 1950) which pictured the universe as emerging or emanating from a single cosmic event, was flawed. If one followed its mathematical descriptions fully through to their conclusions it described states of affairs that did not correspond to reality. In particular it could not adequately account for the uniformity of the cosmos, the formation of galaxies, or the fact that the universe seems to be composed of matter rather than anti-matter. Cosmologists, however, clung to this model out of conviction, pushing its paradoxes to the back of their minds, and hoping that its problems would eventually be sorted out. Much of these contradictions were resolved by the ‘inflationary scenario’ devised by Alan Guth in 1979.

I am not here suggesting that Luria foresaw the problems of twentieth century physics, or that cosmologists and fundamental physicists are secretly adept in obscure areas of kabbalah, however, it seems that the Lurianic kabbalists and the modern-day researchers of Creation were approaching the same cosmological problem, though using different sets of ideas. What these parallels do reveal is the way in which the human mind formulates and pictures an event as vast and awesome as the creation of the cosmos. The simplistic archetype of the cosmos emerging from a single source or event, in a straightforward way, does not satisfy the patterning of our minds and both these cosmologies found ways of introducing a ‘falling into matter’ which harmoniously touches some archetype within our being.

Let us look at both of these cosmic pictures, beginning with the kabbalistic cosmology of Isaac Luria.

Lurianic Cosmology

Luria’s cosmos is not an abstract static one, but the world for him emanated out of a dynamic interplay of archetypal forces. In this way he departs from the cold rigidity of the earlier kabbalistic schemes. Our present world has arisen out of three great dramatic cosmic events–the Simsum, or contraction of God, the Shebirah, or breaking of the vessels, and the Tikkun, the reconstruction or rectification.

Before the Simsum, the various powers of the Ein-Sof or Infinite God, were harmoniously balanced and could not be separated from one another. These aspects were the opposing forces of Compassion (Rahamim) and Stern Judgement (Din), bound together in light. At the beginning of existence, the Ein-Sof withdrew into itself, creating an empty space (the Tehiru or vacuum), within which the forces of Din began to take on an independent life. This deeper concealment, or contraction of the Ein-Sof, thus resulted in a purging of the harsh dross which contained all elements of potential evil from the being of God. The empty space thus contained the forces of Din and a remnant, the Reshimu, or impression of the the Divine Light.

At this point the Ein-Sof emanated a ray, the kab ha-middah or “cosmic measure”, which is represented in the first letter of the Tetragrammaton, Yod. This ray penetrated the tehiru and worked to organise the opposing forces that now filled this space, and brought into manifestation the Primordial Man, the Adam Kadmon. This is the first and highest of the Partzufim or Archetypal Persons that appear in Luria’s scheme. At this point the four Worlds (Atziluth, Beriah, Yetzirah and Assiah) had yet to be emanated, thus Adam Kadmon essentially lives in a fifth and higher spiritual realm of existence. However, this fifth world contained four levels, which were described by the four expansions of the Tetragrammaton (AB=72, SG=63, MH=45 and BG=52), which appear often in kabbalistic numerology.

Initially Adam Kadmon did not have the form of a man, but appears as a set of ten concentric circles, the outer circle remaining in close contact with the Ein-Sof. These ten Sephiroth eventually reorganised themselves into the linear form of the human body. From the head and eyes of this Primordial figure bright light poured forth. This light was gathered and held by the vessels (Kelim) of the Sephiroth. These vessels, the primitive ten Sephiroth, could only receive God, they could not in any sense resemble the giving, creating power of the Ein-Sof. In this sense the vessels were incomplete and could not hold the light.

The vessels of the upper three Sephiroth Kether, Hokmah and Binah at first performed well in the task of holding the light, but when the light poured down through the lower vessels, from Hesed through Yesod, these six lower vessels shattered and were dispersed into the chaotic void of the tehiru. This was the Shebirat-ha-kelim, “the breaking of the vessels”. The original vessels were in what is now the world of Atziluth, but when the light from above penetrated the Sephira Malkuth, this shattered into 288 sparks which failed to return to the primordial source but instead fell through the worlds, and became attached and trapped in the broken framents of the vessels which formed the kelipoth, the “shells” or “husks”. These husks became the evil forces of the Sitra Ahra, the “other” or “under” world, preventing the return of the sparks of divine light to its source. Thus the light or energy of creation “fell into matter”.
The next stage in the cosmic process, and the one in which we are ourselves living, is that of the Tikkun, the period in which processes of restoration and repair must be undertaken. The primary medium for this restoration is the light that continued to emanate from the eyes of Adam Kadmon. This light now became refashioned into a series of emanations known as the Partzufim or Archetypal Persons which restore order to the chaos of the Shebirah.

The Sephira Kether is reshaped into the Arikh Anpin, the “long-face” or Greater Countenance of the Ein-Sof, also named Attik Kaddisha (or Attik Anpin), “The Holy Ancient One”. Hokmah and Binah form the two archetypal figures, the Partzufim Abba (“Father”) and Imma (“Mother”), respectively. A fourth Partzuf is formed from the six lower Sephiroth, from Hesed to Yesod, and is known as Zeir Anpin (“the Lesser Countenance or face of the Divine”). A final Partzuf is formed round Malkuth, the Nukba de-Zeir (“the female companion to Zeir”), also known as Rachel-Leah.

Abba and Imma remain in a constant state of union (like the Shakti and Shakta in Hindu cosmology), and from this union is born Zeir. Similarly Zeir Anpin and the Rachel-Leah Partzuf, are joined in an eternal state of married union.

In Luria’s scheme the Biblical Adam had the task of reintegrating the divine sparks as his being contained all of the various worlds, his body being a perfect microcosm of Adam Kadmon. Adam should have separated the divine sparks from the husks and restored them to the light of the divine. Adam of course failed in his cosmic task, and this responsibility has now been passed on to all humanity. It is the task of humanity to find the sparks of the spirit buried in the husks of the material world and and raise these sparks to their divine source. How this is achieved through spiritual exercises is a major part of Luria’s Kabbalistic practice, but it takes us beyond the scope of this article.

Luria thus images creation as an exile of the sparks of light, and a parallel is drawn with the diaspora of the Jewish people. The Partzufim Abba and Imma in the world of Atziluth are the source of Israel Sabha, “The Ancient Primordial Israel”, that exists on a spiritual level.

The core problem of the pre-Lurianic emanationist cosmology was that if God the Ein-Sof was perfect and limitless in his being, then what emanated from Him had to be itself perfect, and in a sense such an emanation was merely God revealing Himself rather than an act of creating a universe from which he could stand outside and apart. One of the central ideas of Judaism was that God stood outside and apart from the created world, a ‘hidden God’. If God directly emanated the universe then clearly He was in the Universe and bounded by the universe. In order that something non-divine and finite should come about, it was necessary that there was a radical break in the process of emanation, a dilug or Kefitzah (“leap” or “jump”). Thus to address this philosophical problem there arose the Lurianic doctrine of the Simsum, the withdrawal, concentration, or concealment of the Ein-Sof. Luria even describes a state of being before the act of creation, in which the Ein-Sof manifested to Himself the Ein-Sof Or (the “light of the Ein-Sof”). There is a parallel here with the earliest state of the cosmos that can be envisaged by modern cosmology, which we will look at later. At the beginning of creation the Ein-Sof withdrew into Himself through the Simsum, thus creating an empty space, a vacuum or void (called the chalal or tehiru). Next, the ray (the kav) from the Ein-Sof Or beamed into this primaeval vacuum and so proceeded the emanations as described above. Effectively, this distances God from the Creation even before anything has come into manifestation, it allows for a cosmos created ex nihilo, literally “out of nothing”. We will see that the central idea of modern cosmology is the emergence of the universe out of the vacuum state.

The Inflationary Universe

Present day cosmologists picture the universe beginning around 15 billion years ago in the “big-bang”. The energies involved in this explosion of space-time, matter and energy out of nothing were enormous, however, in the past two decades particle accelerators have allowed scientists to explore some of these energy densities in their laboratories (cooresponding to the state of the universe after one thousand billionth of a second), so the theories that have emerged about the big-bang are to some extent supported by experimental evidence and not merely upon speculation.

The universe emerged out of this point event and the space it occupied rapidly expanded until it filled up the vast tracts of space explored by astronomers. When we try to picture epochs close to the big-bang, all the energy and matter of the universe must therefore have been packed into a much smaller space, and therefore the universe had a much denser energy level. The earlier we go back in time, closer to the event of creation – to 1 second after the big-bang, to 10 to the power -3 or one thousandth of a second, to 10 to the power -9 a billionth of a second, and so on – the smaller a volume of space it occupies, and consequently the higher its temperature and energy density. The simplest of big-bang models thus assumed that at the instant of creation the universe had infinite density and temperature. The idea was that the universe emerged out of a naked space-time singularity, a kind of knot in space-time, like a black hole in reverse. This model of an explosive expansion from a point of nothingness (which had infinite density), raised more questions than it answered. In particular it proved difficult to see how the various physical constants and relationships between different particles had adopted the values they have. For example, the ratio of matter to photons of light (the so-called baryon number), or the relative strengths of the four fundamental forces of nature – gravity, electromagnetism, weak interactions, and strong nuclear force. If the value of some of these constants had differed by a fractional amount the universe would have taken a radically different course. On the macro scale, stars and planets would not have come into being, while on the smaller scale even the long-chained carbon based molecules that are the building blocks of living cells could not have come about unless the physical constants which constrain the nature of chemical bonding had adopted the values they have. Some philosophers and theologians saw the possibility of evoking the hand of God acting to adjust these various values to create the particular special conditions that gave rise to the universe we know today.

This period of theorising about the big-bang in the 60’s and 70’s is to some extent akin to the earlier kabbalistic cosmology, in which God had to play an active formative role in structuring the chain of events. Further there was the problem of what was before the big-bang singularity, and what caused it to happen. God could again be called upon for assistance.

Isaac Luria had realised that if God played a formative role in the structuring of the cosmos then the cosmos would be a direct manifestation of Him. God would not have been able to separate Himself from his creation, and therefore our created world would in fact be part of God’s body.

In a similar way present day cosmologists did not feel inwardly happy with creation theories in which some factor, outside the equations and mechanics of creation, set the critical values of the constants of nature that determined the shape and form of our universe as we know it.

In 1979 Allan Guth, an american physicist, devised a theory which seems to have solved many of the problems inherent in the simplistic big-bang theory. He looked at a very early stage in the development of the universe from about 10 to the power -32 to 10 to the power -43 of a second after the initial creation. [10 to the power -36 for example, is a billion billion billion billionth of a second.] At around 10 to the power -43, the ‘Planck’ moment when the strength of the gravitational force comes to equal that of the other fundamental forces, quantum gravitational events dominated the emerging universe, its minute bubble of space-time being subject to quantum fluctuations. The universe could indeed be described at that early epoch as a quantum fluctuation in the vacuum. The energy that the universe contained was bound up in special fields of force, (the Higgs fields named after the physicist who first described them) which were essentially unstable.

Above a temperature of 10 to the power 27 degrees centigrade which occurred during this early period of the universe, the Higgs fields were in equilibrium, however, once the environment fell below this they could release their energy through a process known as “spontaneous symmetry breaking”. While the symmetry conditions are maintained the Higgs fields can hold considerable amounts of energy, without this energy having a mass. Only when the symmetry is broken does the energy bound up in the Higgs fields attain a mass. This breaking of the unified symmetry between the four fundamental forces results in the separation of gravity from the other forces and consequently the emergence of particles of matter.

In the inflationary model the Higgs fields are able to remain in equilibrium for an extended period in a special state known as the “false vacuum”, a quantum vacuum state which can be described mathematically. During this period the false vacuum exerts an expans- ive force, a negative pressure, on the universe, which impells the cosmos to expand exponentially. In each minute fraction of time, 10 to the power -34 of a second, the diameter of the universe doubled, and this continued until the universe had expanded by a factor of 10 to the power 50 times its original size. This extreme exponential stretching of the fabric of space, faster than the speed of light, stored up masses of energy in the Higgs fields. After this period of inflation the Higgs fields can no longer remain in equilibrium and they spontaneously break their symmetries and release the energies trapped within them, filling the rapidly expanding universe with an intense dense fire of particles and photons.

We can see a parallel here between the Higgs fields and the vessels (Kelim) of the sephiroth, which were unable to hold the light energy that poured through them. The matter in the universe arose out of the breaking of the symmetries of the Higgs fields, which Lurianic kaballah parallels with the Shebirah, or “breaking of the vessels”, and the falling down through the worlds of the husks or shells (Kelipoth).

In the inflationary model, the Higgs fields have energy pumped into them from the intense gravitational curvature of spacetime while they exist in a false vacuum state. When the universe eventually falls into a true vacuum state, its light energies and particles of matter come into being. The theory can account for the creation of the universe as a quantum fluctuation in this false vacuum of sufficient energy to allow the inflation process to get under way. Thus it provides a creation ex nihilo.

The inflationary model also resolves various problems with the naive big-bang from an singularity of infinite density and pressure; especially the problem of the large scale uniformity of the universe, the fixing of the parameters of the constants of nature, the existence of obscure particles called magnetic monopoles and other difficult and paradoxical aspects of the earlier theory.

As I indicated above, the inflationary model allows speculation about even earlier periods in the life of the universe before the inflationary period, in which the universe was a bubble of spacetime emerging out of quantum fluctuations in the false vacuum state. One speculation which has received some credence recently is that the universe began as a quantum fluctuation in an eleventh dimensional space. This resulted in four of the dimensions expanding (these being the three dimensions of space and one of time), while the other seven became wrapped up into a seventh dimensional sphere of extremely small size. These seven dimensions remain hidden from our universe on the macro scale which only knows the four outer space-time dimensions, though they do participate in the inner structure of particles of matter.

This idea is strangely paralleled in the Lurianic doctrine of the Ein-Sof contracting into itself and forming a tehiru or vacuum while its Ein-Sof Or expands outwards. The Simsum of the kabbalists and the folding up of seven of the eleven dimensions of spacetime are obviously related. Both of these cosmologies place this contraction before the formation of the false vacuum out of which the matter and electomagnetic or light energies of the universe was later to emerge.

In a strange way the physicists of today have come to retrace the philosophical and theosophical steps taken by kabbalists 400 years ago.

Adam McLean ©